While both the API and ASTM have set clearly defined standards for refractories and refractory material test procedures, these specifications cannot possibly cover all the details required to ensure the best refractory reliability and longevity. Careful consideration and collaboration between end-users and refractory material suppliers can help all involved to better understand the details required to significantly reduce the likelihood of refractory failures. In this article, SK Energy and Morgan examine some of the most common causes of refractory failure, and what engineers can do to both fix a problem and avoid it in the future.

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