Using a Pennsylvania blacksmith to illustrate, this article (again with nice photography) talks about the water resources necessary for steelmaking. Some of the numbers discussed include three U.S. Steel facilities withdrew more than 660 billion gallons of water from the Monongahela River between 2005 and 2013. 90% of the water used by the steel industry is returned to its source. Check it out here.
Water Used by Steel Industry
October 26, 2016