This article was originally published on February 3, 2015.
In this article, we strive to improve your awareness of resources that exist to help you make better sense of combustion-related issues and answer your combustion-related questions.
If combustion and its related efficiencies were not a challenging topic for most of us, we and others would not dedicate so many new resources to the topic. This article will point out some of these available resources, including coverage from the pages of Industrial Heating.
Over the years, improved efficiencies have been demanded by both users of combustion systems and agencies regulating these users. NOx and CO2 reductions are examples, and addressing efficiencies is key for newer systems.
We will start out by mentioning and discussing four newer publications that address the combustion topic.
Combustion Engineering (second edition)
While this 550-page book was originally released in 1998, the second edition of Combustion Engineering(2011) from CRC Press adds information on efficiency improvements, emission reductions and biomass utilization. The book provides a balance of combustion fundamentals and combustion-engineering applications of gaseous, liquid and solid fuels.
The target audience for this resource is college-level or first-year graduate students and workplace professionals desiring a “uniquely accessible introduction” to combustion. It is designed to be a textbook and could be used by engineers desiring to teach the topic to others who need to learn more about the subject of combustion. There is even a solutions manual and additional teaching resources available for those desiring to adopt combustion training programs.
Eight chapters address the fundamentals of combustion, and the remaining eight chapters apply these fundamentals to furnaces, fixed-bed and fluidized-bed combustion and more. Numerous tables include practical data and formulae as well as extensive example problems, chapter-end problems and references.
The John Zink Hamworthy – Combustion Handbook
In the past year or so, the John Zink Hamworthy Combustion Handbook (2001) was significantly revised. The original edition was comprised of 800 oversized, full-color pages written by 30 authors. The current edition has been expanded to three volumes.
The 651-page Volume 1 (from CRC Press) covers the fundamentals. It provides concepts and up-to-date information on industrial combustion science and engineering. I personally own this volume, and it contains many color illustrations and photos to help explain its contents.
The 628-page Volume 2 is entitled “Design and Operations,” and it provides a definitive “field manual” for operators, engineers and managers working in industrial combustion-oriented industries. Coverage includes testing, installation, maintenance and troubleshooting of combustion systems. It includes more than 600 color illustrations and photographs.
Finally, the third volume, entitled “Applications,” is 452 pages. The description seems to indicate that many of the applications described would be low in temperature for the readers of Industrial Heating. Suffice to say, however, the latest revision of this handbook (at 1,731 pages) has many updates from the 2001 edition and should be able to assist you with many of your combustion-related challenges.
Experimental Combustion – An Introduction
This 2014 text from CRC Press strives to help the readers understand the basic skills of combustion in order for them to be able to design and develop energy-efficient and low-emission combustion systems that can meet heating demands while minimizing ecological impacts.
Like Combustion Engineering, it is intended to be used as a textbook, and it offers both review questions and problems at the end of each chapter. This one seems a bit too theoretical for many of our readers, but I’m sure it could be of use for a portion of our audience.
Atmosphere Heat Treatment
While not a combustion book, Daniel H. Herring’s latest book, Atmosphere Heat Treatment, might be all the combustion coverage some of us need. One section of chapter 4 covers “Combustion Systems,” providing fundamentals as well as practical coverage of burner tuning, types of burners, monitoring the process and sizing a combustion system. Add this to all of the other practical advice offered in this 600-page reference book, and it’s worth obtaining a copy for yourself. You can order your own copy by going to www.industrialheating.com/AHT.
Industrial Heating Resources
Combustion is a regular topic covered in IH. Over the course of a year, the topic is covered in at least four different print issues. If you are looking for combustion-specific articles or other content, please search our website or find “Industrial Gases & Atmospheres” in our subject list on the left side of our homepage or “Combustion & Burners” on our top “Topics” tab.
Looking at the most recent combustion articles, we find the following topics covered.
• A three-part web exclusive entitled “Achieving Efficient Combustion”
• “Utilizing Flue-Gas Analysis to Improve Combustion-System Performance”
• “In-House Heat-Treat Operation Improves Efficiency”
• “Clean and Efficient Gas Heating of Industrial Furnaces”
• “Fuel Use for Billet Reheating Reduced with Oxyfuel Technology”
• “Emerging Ultra-Low-NOx Burner Technology for the Heat-Treat Industry”
Were you aware that we ran a column series called “Combustion Concepts” authored by combustion expert Art Morris? These columns, which utilized aluminum heating as a practical application, can still be found in the drop-down list on the top “Columns” tab of our website. Each of these columns also contained an Excel workbook, which could be used to better understand your combustion system. Topics included but were not limited to the following:
• Burner analysis
• Exothermic atmospheres
• Adiabatic flame temperatures
• Available combustion heat
• Making a system balance
• Making a heat balance
Art also wrote an article, “Improving Thermal Efficiency in Aluminum Scrap Melting,” for the February 2014 issue, which also included an Excel workbook. You can find this in our archives for that month. Another nonferrous combustion-related article in the past year was “Save Money by Optimizing Your Furnace Burner Fire Rate” written by Cindy Belt. It can be found in the April 2014 archives.
Combustion Tool Kit
Back in 2008, we produced a 28-page resource that was inserted in our February issue. The Toolkit included some general engineering data, information on industrial gases, and fuels and flue data. Throughout the Toolkit, useful tips were included from Eclipse’s “20 Tips for Combustion System Care” booklet.
In addition to the useful graphs, tables and charts, several practical articles were incorporated that dealt with the topics of “burners, analysis and control” and “performance and efficiency.” The data included in the Toolkit is basically evergreen, so we are making the Combustion Toolkit available to you in a digital format. You can link to it at www.industrialheating.com/CTK.
Our objective in this article was to present you with some combustion-related reference resources. If you simply search our website (www.industrialheating.com) for “combustion,” you will find about 715 results. The term “burner” results in over 530 search results. Clearly, our website provides a very useful source of information on this and many other topics of interest in the field we call industrial heating.
For more information: Contact Reed Miller, editor, Industrial Heating, Manor Oak One, Suite #450, 1910 Cochran Rd., Pgh., PA 15220; tel: 412-306-4360; fax: 248-502-2099; e-mail: email@example.com; web: www.industrialheating.com