The American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI)in Washington, D.C., and its members have developed a new roadmap aimed at reducing energy use in steelmaking. Entitled Saving One Barrel of Oil per Ton-A New Roadmap for Transformation of the Steelmaking Process, or SOBOT, it describes a long-term strategy to reduce energy intensity in steel production by identifying research pathways in energy substitution, energy recovery, and energy savings. The document will guide R&D during the next 10-15 years, toward the 2025 target of producing steel using approximately one barrel of oil (approximately 6 million BTU) per ton less than today's processes.