Surface Conversion Technologies, Inc., Cumming, GA, has made available a method and apparatus for forming diamond and other high performance crystals. Patent #6,077,410 deals with the method and apparatus of non-metal atoms within an electrolyte (gas or liquid), resulting in deeply bonded crystals which can be formed at lower temperatures and pressures. Some applications include semiconductors, circuit boards, wear resistant surfaces, enhancement of CVD, PVD, and metal sputtering.