The Integrated Manufacturing Technology Initiative (IMTI) has formed its Board of Directors and has launched an unprecedented research and development collaboration focused on strategic challenges facing the U.S. manufacturing sector. The IMTI launch is an outgrowth of the recent Integrated Technology Roadmapping (IMTR) project, sponsored by the U.S. Departments of Energy, Defense, Commerce, the National Science Foundation, and more than 100 U.S. companies and industrial organizations.