When it comes to understanding any subject, and in particular heat treating, having reference material you can trust is invaluable. Over the years we have talked with a number of extremely knowledgeable heat treaters and metallurgists and from these discussions, we have compiled the following list of our "favorites." Newer editions may exist, but exercise caution to ensure their contents are equal to or better than the originals. No heat treat library is complete without them. Let's learn more.

Ferrous Metals (Iron & Steel)

1. Alloying Elements and Their Effect on Hardenability: Republic Alloy Steels Handbook, Booklet Adv. 1009, 1961, 46 pages.

2. Alloying Elements of Steel, 2nd Ed., Bain, Edgar Collins and Harold W. Paxton, ASM International, 1966, 301 pages.

3. Atlas of Continuous Cooling Transformation Diagrams for Engineering Steels, Atkins, M., British Steel Corp., 1977, ISBN 0-87170-093-X, 260 pages.

4. Atlas of Isothermal Transformation Diagrams, United States Steel Corp., 1951, 143 pages.

5. Atlas of Isothermal Transformation Diagrams (Supplement), United States Steel Corp., 1953, 529 pages.

6. Atlas of Isothermal Transformation and Cooling Transformation Diagrams, ASM International, 1977, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 76-58536, 422 pages.

7. Atlas of Time-Temperature Diagrams for Irons and Steels, Vander Voort, George F. (Ed.), 1991, ASM International, ISBN 0-87170-415-3, 766 pages.

8. Boron in Steel, Banerji, S. K. and J. E. Morral (Eds.), The Metallurgical Society of AIME, 1980, ISBN 0-89520-363-4, 215 pages.

9. Casti Metals Black Book - European Ferrous Data, 2nd Ed., Bringas, John E. and Michael L. Wayman, Casti Publishing Inc., 2003, ISBN 1-894038-74-6, 785 pages.

10. Casti Metals Black Book - North American Ferrous Data, 5th Ed., Bringas, John E. and Michael L. Wayman, Casti Publishing Inc., 2003, ISBN 1-894038-72-X, 764 pages.

11. The Engineer's Guide to Steel, Hanson, Albert and J. Gordon Parr, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1965, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 65-10407 406 pages.

12. Engineering Properties of Steel, Harvey, Philip D. (Ed.), ASM International, 1982, ISBN 0-87170-144-8, 527 pages.

13. The Hardenability of Steel - Concepts, Metallurgical Influences, and Industrial Applications, Siebert, Clarence A., Douglas V. Doane, and Dale H. Breen, ASM International, 1977, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 77-22649, 218 pages.

14. Heat Treater's Guide: Practices and Procedures for Irons and Steels, 2nd Ed., Chandler, Harry E. (Ed.), 1995, ASM International, ISBN 0-87170-520-6, 903 pages.

15. Heat Treaters Guide: Standard Practices and Procedures for Steel, Unterwieser, Paul M., Howard E. Boyer, and James J. Kubbs (Eds.), 1982, ASM International, ISBN 0-87170-141-3, 493 pages.

16. Heat Treatment of Steel: Republic Alloy Steels Handbook, Booklet Adv. 1009, 1961, 42 pages.

17. I-T Diagrams: Isothermal Transformation of Austenite in a Wide Variety of Steel, 3rd Ed., 1963, 183 pages.

18. Iron & Steel, Handbook Supplement HS30, 1982, SAE, ISBN 0-89883-404-X.

19. The Making, Shaping and Treating of Steel, 9th Ed., McGannon, Harold E. (Ed.), United States Steel Corp., 1971, 1420 pages.

20. Manganese in Ferrous Metallurgy, Desforges, C.D., W. E. Duckworth, and T. F. J. N. Ryan, The Manganese Centre, 1976, ISBN 2-901-108-004, 87 pages.

21. Mechanical Properties of Alloy Steel: Republic Alloy Steels Handbook, Booklet Adv. 1009, 1961, 84 pages.

22. Modern Steels and Their Properties: Bethlehem Steel Corp., 1980, ISBN 1-11441-106-X, 200 pages.

23. Nickel Alloy Steel, International Nickel Co., 1949, 800 pages.

24. Nickel in Iron and Steel, Hall, A. M., John Wiley & Sons, 1954, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 54-11982, 595 pages.

25. Phase Transformation Kinetics and Hardenability of Medium-Carbon Alloy Steels, Cias, Witold W., Climax Molybdenum Co.

26. Republic Alloy Steels, Republic Steel, 1961, 523 pages.

27. Steel and Its Heat Treatment, Vol. I: Principles, Processes, Control, Bullen D.K., and the metallurgical staff of Battelle Memorial Institute, John Wiley & Sons, 1938, 445 pages.

28. Steel and Its Heat Treatment, Vol. II: Engineering and Special Purpose Steels, Bullen D.K., and the metallurgical staff of Battelle Memorial Institute, John Wiley & Sons, 1939, 491 pages.

29. Steel and Its Heat Treatment: Bofors Handbook, Thelning, Karl-Erik (Ed.), Butterworths, 1973, ISBN 0-408-70651-1, 570 pages.

30. Steel Heat Treatment Handbook, Totten, George E. and Maurice A. H. Howes (Eds.), Marcel Dekker Inc, 1997, ISBN 0-8247-9750-7, 1192 pages.

31. Steel Strengthening Mechanisms (Symposium), Climax Molybdenum Co., 1969, 183 pages.

32. Steels: Heat Treatment and Processing Principles, Krauss, G., ASM International, 1990, ISBN 0-87170-370-X, 497 pages.

33. Steels, Metallurgy & Applications, 3rd Ed., Llewellyn, D. T. and R. C. Hudd, Butterworth Heinemann, 1998, ISBN 0-7506-3757-9, 389 pages.

34. Steels: Processing, Structure, and Performance, Krauss, George, 2005, ASM International, ISBN 0-87170-817-5, 613 pages

35. Steels for Elevated Temperature Service, United States Steel, 1952, 87 pages.

36. Transformation and Hardenability in Steels (Symposium), Climax Molybdenum Co., 1977, 212 pages.

37. Vanadium Steels and Irons, Vanadium Corporation of America, 189 pages.

Ferrous Metals (Stainless Steel)

1. ASM Specialty Handbook® Stainless Steels, Davis, J. R. (Ed.), 1994, ISBN 0-87170-503-6, 576 pages.

2. Stainless Steel Handbook, Allegheny Ludlum Steel Corporation, 1959, 120 pages.

Ferrous Metals (Tool Steel)

1. Metallurgy and Heat Treatment of Tool Steels, Wilson, Robert, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1975, ISBN 0-07-084453-4, 378 pages.

2. Selection and Hardening of Tool Steels, Vol. 1 & 2, Seabright, L., Seabright Texts, 1975, 235 pages.

3. Tool Steel Handbook, Allegheny Ludlum Steel Corporation, 1959, 202 pages. 4. Tool Steels, 5th Ed., Roberts, G., G. Krauss and R. Kennedy, 1998, ASM International, ISBN 0-87170-599-0, 364 pages.

5. Tool Steel Simplified, Palmer and Luerssen, Carpenter Technology Corp., 1977, ISBN 0-31055-805-6, 555 pages.

6. Tool Steel Trouble Shooter, The: An Analysis of 107 Tool Failures, Bethlehem Steel Corp., 1964, 125 pages.

Furnace Atmospheres - Safety, Control & Generation

1. Protective Atmospheres, Hotchkiss, A. G. and H. M. Webber, John Wiley & Sons, 1953, Library of Congress Catalog Number 53-8521, 341 pages.

General Reference

1. ASM Materials Engineering Dictionary, Davis, J. R. (Ed.), ASM International, 1992, ISBN 0-87170-447-1, 555 pages.

2. Conversion Factors and Tables, 3rd Ed., Zimmerman, O. T. and Irvin Lavine, 1961, Industrial Research Services Inc., 680 pages.

3. Handbook of Mechanical Alloy Design, Totten, George E., Lie Xie and Kiyoshi Funatani (Eds.), 2004, Marcel Dekker Inc., ISBN 0-8247-4308-3, 734 pages.

4. Machinery's Handbook, 26th Ed., Oberg, Erik, Franklin Day Jones and Henry H. Ryffel, Industrial Press, 2000, ISBN 0-83112-625-6, 2640 pages.

5. Mark's Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers, 9th Edition, Avallone, Eugene A. and Theodore Baumeister III (Eds.), McGraw Hill Book Co., 1978, ISBN 0-07-004127-X.

6. Metals Handbook, Vol. 1, Properties and Selection of Metals, 8th Ed., ASM Inter-national, 1961, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 27-12046, 366 pages.

7. Metals Handbook, 1948 Ed., ASM International, 1948, 1332 pages.

8. Stahlschlussel (Key to Steel), 20th Ed., Wegst, C. W., Verlag, 2004, ISBN 3-922599-20-6, 720 pages.

9. Worldwide Guide to Equivalent Irons and Steels, 4th Ed., ASM International, 2000, ISBN 0-87170-635-0, 1132 pages.

10. Worldwide Guide to Equivalent Nonferrous Alloys, 4th Ed., ASM International, 2001, ISBN 0-87170-741-1, 1036 pages.

Heating Methods (Electric & Gas)

1. Combustion Technology Manual, 5th Ed., Industrial Heating Equipment Assn. (IHEA).

2. Efficient Use of Fuels in Metallurgical Industries Symposium, Institute of Gas Technology, 1974, ISBN 0-91009-114-5.

3. IHEA Heat Processing Manual, Industrial Heating Equipment Assn., Arlington, Va.

4. North American Combustion Handbook, 2nd Ed., North American Mfg. Co., 1978, ISBN 0-96015696-1-4, 501 pages.

Heat Treating (Processes & Equipment)

1. Ask Joe: Your Quick Reference to Fourteen Years of Practical Heat Treat Advice, Devis, C.E. "Joe", ASM International, 1983, ISBN 0-87170-167-3, 135 pages.

2. ASM Handbook, Vol. 4, Heat Treating, ASM International, 1991, ISBN 0-87170-379-3, 1012 pages.

3. Carburizing and Carbonitriding, ASM International, 1977, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 76-055702, 215 pages.

4. Carburizing: Microstructure and Properties, Parish, Geoffrey, ASM International, 1999, ISBN 0-87170-666-0, 247 pages.

5. Handbook of Thermoprocessing Technologies, von Starck, Axel, Alfred Muhl-bauer, and Carl Kramer (Eds.), 2005, Vulkan-Verlag GmbH, ISBN 3-8027-2933-1, 807 pages.

6. Heat Treating and Properties of Iron and Steel, U. S. Department of Commerce National Bureau of Standards Monograph 88, 1966, Library of Congress Catalog Number 66-61523, 46 pages.

7. Heat Treating of Gray Iron, Burgess C. O., Gray Iron Founders' Society, Inc., 1984, 121 pages.

8. Industrial Furnaces, 5th Ed., Vol. 1, Trinks, W. and M. H. Mawhinney, John Wiley & Sons, 1967.

9. Industrial Furnaces, 5th Ed., Vol. 2, Trinks, W. and M.H. Mawhinney, John Wiley & Sons, 1967, ISBN 0-31726-260-2, 486 pages.

10. Influence of Microstructure on the Properties of Case-Carburized Components, Parrish, Geoffrey, 1980, Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 810679.

11. Ion Nitriding (Conference Proceedings), Spalvins, T. (Ed.), ASM International, 1987, ISBN 0-87170-278-9, 202 pages.

12. Metals Handbook, Vol. 2, Heat Treating, Cleaning and Finishing, 8th Ed., ASM International, 1964, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 27-12046, 708 pages.

13. Practical Heat Treating, Haga, L. J., Metal Treating Institute.

14. Principles of Heat Treating, Haga, L. J., Metal Treating Institute.

15. Principles of Heat Treatment, 5th Ed., Grossmann, M. A. and Bain, E. C., ASM International, 1964, 302 pages.

16. Principles of Heat Treatment of Plain Carbon and Low Alloy Steels, Brooks, Charlie R., ASM International, 1996, ISBN 0-87170-538-9, 490 pages.

17. Source Book on Nitriding, ASM International, 1977, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 77-23934, 320 pages.

18. Production Gas Carburising, Parrish and Harper.

Induction Heating

1. Basics of Induction Heating, Vol. 1 and 2, Tudbury, Chester A., 1960, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 60-8958, 132 pages. (Vol. 1) and 121 pages. (Vol. 2).

2. Elements of Induction Heating, Zinn, S., and S. L. Semiatin, 1988, ASM Interna-tional, ISBN 0-87170-308-4, 335 pages.

3. Handbook of Induction Heating, Rudnev, V., D. Loveless, R. Cook, and M. Black, Marcel Dekker, 2003.

4. Induction Heating for Forging, FIA Plant Engineering Committee, Forging Industry As-sociation.

5. Induction Heating Handbook, Davies, E.J., and P. Simpson, McGraw-Hill, 1979.

6. Induction Heat Treatment of Steel, Semiatin, S.L. and D. E. Stutz, ASM International, 1986.

7. Industrial Applications of Induction Heating, Lozinskii, M.G., Pergaman Press, 1969

8. Practical Induction Heat Treating, Haimbaugh, Richard E., ASM International, 2001, ISBN 0-87170-743-8, 332 pages.

Joining (Brazing, Soldering, Welding)

1. Brazing, Schwartz, Mel M., ASM International, 1967, ISBN 0-87170-246-0, 455 pages.

2. Brazing Footprints, Case Studies in High Temperature Brazing, Peaslee, Robert L., Wall Colmonoy Corporation, 2003, ISBN 0-9724479-0-3, 299 pages.

3. Brazing Handbook, 4th Ed., American Welding Society, 1991, ISBN 0-87171-359-4, 493 pages.

4. Ceramic Joining, Schwartz, Mel M., 1990, ASM International, ISBN 0-87170-373-4, 196 pages.

5. Practical Welding Technology, Mohler, Rudy, 1983, Industrial Press Inc., ISBN 0-8311-1143-7, 220 pages.

6. Solders and Soldering, Manko, Howard H., 1964, McGraw-Hill Book Company, ISBN 07-0-39895-X, 323 pages.

7. Welding Metallurgy; Carbon and Alloy Steels Vol.1 Fundamentals, 4th Edition, Linnert, George E., American Welding Society, 1995.

Metallurgy

1. ASM Metals Reference Book, Bauccio, Michael L., ASM International, 1983, ISBN 0-87170-478-1, 614 pages.

2. Bainite in Steels, Bhadeshia, H. K. D. H., The Institute of Materials, 1992, ISBN 0-901465-95-0, 451 pages.

3. Ferrous Physical Metallurgy, Sinha, Anil Kumar, Butterworths, 1989, ISBN 0-409-90139-3, 818 pages.

4. Handbook of Stress and Strength: Design and Material Applications, Lipson, Charles and Robert C. Juvinall, Macmillan Co., 1963, 459 pages.

5. Introduction to Metallurgical Thermodynamics, 2nd Edition, Gaskell, David R., 1981, McGraw-Hill Book Company, ISBN 0-07-022946-5, 611 pages.

6. Martensite, Olson, G. B., and W. S. Owen (Eds.), ASM International, 1992, ISBN 0-87170-434-X, 331 pages.

7. The Metallurgist's Manual (8 Volumes), Bamford, T. G. and H. Harris, Chapman & Hall Ltd., 1937, 256 pages.

8. Metallurgy for the Non-Metallurgist, Chandler, Harry E., ASM International, 1998, ISBN 0-87170-652-0, 284 pages.

9. Metallurgy Fundamentals, Brandt, Daniel A. and J. C. Warner, Goodheart-Willcox Co. Inc., 1999, ISBN 1-56637-543-6.

10. Metallurgy & Heat Treatment: The Pocket Book, Odeh, Atif A., Atrona Metallurgical Ser-vices Inc. 1996.

11. Metallurgy Theory and Practice, Allen, Dell K., American Technical Society, 1969, Li-brary of Congress Catalog Card Number 70-82378, 663 pages.

12. Methods in Non-Ferrous Metallurgical Analysis, Keffer, Robert, McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1928, 335 pages.

13. Physical Metallurgy, Reed-Hill, Robert E., D. Van Nostrand Co. Inc., 1964, 630 pages.

14. Physical Metallurgy for Engineers, 2nd Ed., Clark, Donald S. and Wilbur R. Varney, Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1969, ISBN 0-44201-570-4, 629 pages.

15. Practical Data for Metallurgists, The Timken Co., 1970, 100 pages.

16. The Science and Engineering of Materials, Askland, D. (Ed.) PWS-KENT.

17. Structure and Properties of Alloys, 3rd Edition, Brick, Robert M., Robert B. Gordon and Arthur Phillips, 1965, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Library of Congress Catalog Number 64-18397, 503 pages.

Metallography

1. Advanced Techniques for Characterizing Microstructures, Wiffen, F.W. and J.A. Spitznagel (Eds.), The Metallurgical Society of AIME, 1982, ISBN 0-89520-390-1, 507 pages.

2. Applied Metallography, Vander Voort, George F. (Ed.), Chapman & Hall, 1986, ISBN 0-042228-836-0, 301 pages.

3. ASM Handbook, Vol. 9, Metallography and Microstructures, ASM International, 1985, ISBN 0-87170-007-7, 775 pages.

4. Color Metallography, Beraha, E. and B. Shpigler, ASM International, 1977, ISBN 0-87170-045-X, 176 pages.

5. Light Microscopy of Carbon Steels, Samuels, L. E., ASM International, 1999, ISBN 0-87170-655-5, 502 pages.

6. Metallographer's Guide: Practices and Procedures for Irons & Steels, Bramfitt, B. L. and A. O. Benscoter, ASM International, 2002, ISBN 0-87170-748-9, 354 pages.

7. Metallographic Atlas of Powder Metallurgy, Huppman, W. J. and K. Dalal, Verlag Schmid, 190 pages.

8. Metallographic Etching, 2nd Ed., Petzow, Gunter, ASM International, 1978, ISBN 0-87170-633-4, 143 pages.

9. Metallography of Aluminum Alloys, Mondolfo, Lucio, John Wiley & Sons, 1943, 359 pages.

10. Metallography Principles and Practice, Vander Voort, George F., ASM International, ISBN 0-87170-672-5, 752 pages.

11. Metals Handbook, Vol. 7, Atlas of Microstructures of Industrial Alloys, 8th Ed., ASM In-ternational, 1972, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 27-12046, 366 pages.

12. Microscopic Identification of Inclusions in Steel, Allmand, T. R., British Iron and Steel Research Association, 1962, 72 pages.

13. Microstructure of Ductile Iron, American Foundrymen's Society, 1965.

14. The Principles of Metallographic Laboratory Practice, 3rd Ed., Kehl, George L., McGraw-Hill Publishing Co., 1949, ISBN 0-07033-479-X, 534 pages.

15. Typical Microstructures of Cast Metals, Lambert, G. (Ed.), The Institute of British Foun-drymen, 1957, 224 pages.

Nonferrous Materials (Aluminum)

1. Aluminum, Vol. I, Properties, Physical Metallurgy and Phase Diagrams, Van Horn, Kent R. (Ed.), ASM International, 1967, 425 pages.

2. Aluminum, Vol. II, Design and Applications, Van Horn, Kent R. (Ed.), ASM Inter-national, 1967, 425 pages.

3. Aluminum, Vol. III, Fabrication and Finishing, Van Horn, Kent R. (Ed.), ASM In-ternational, 1967, 813 pages.

4. Aluminum Alloys: Structure and Properties, Mondolfo, Lucio, Butterworths, 1976, ISBN 0-40870-680-5, 971 pages.

5. Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys, Davis, J. R. (Ed.), ASM International, 1993, ISBN 0-87170-496-X.

6. Aluminum Casting Technology, 2nd Ed., American Foundry Society, 2001, ISBN 0-87433-157-9, 368 pages.

7. Aluminum, Properties and Physical Metallurgy, Hatch, John E. (Ed.), 1984, ASM International, ISBN 0-87170-176-6, 424 pages.

8. Handbook of Aluminum, Vol. 1: Physical Metallurgy and Processes, Totten, George E. and D. Scott MacKenzie (Eds.), 2003, Marcel Dekker, Inc., ISBN 0-8247-0494-0, 1296 pages.

Nonferrous Materials (Other)

1. Casti Metals Red Book - Non-Ferrous Data, 4th Ed., Bringas, John E. and Michael L. Wayman, Casti Publishing Inc., 2003, ISBN 1-894038-76-2, 760 pages.

2. Heat Treater's Guide: Practices and Procedures for Nonferrous Alloys, 2nd Ed., Chandler, Harry E. (Ed.), 1996, ASM International, ISBN 0-87170-565-6, 669 pages.

3. Heat Treatment, Structure and Properties of Nonferrous Alloys, Brooks, Charlie R., 1982, ASM International, ISBN 0-87170-138-3, 420 pages.

4. Light Alloys: Metallurgy of the Light Metals, Polmear, I. J., E. Arnold Publisher, 1990, ISBN 0-34049-175-2, 278 pages.

5. Superalloys, A Technical Guide, 2nd Ed., Donachie, M. J. and S. J. Donachie (Eds.), ASM International, 2002, ISBN 0-87170-749-7, 439 pages.

6. The Superalloys, Sims, Chester T. and William C. Hagel, 1972, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 0-471-79207-1, 614 pages.

7. Titanium, A Technical Guide, Donachie Jr., Matthew J. (Ed.), ASM International, 1988, ISBN 0-87170-309-2, 469 pages.

Non-metals (Ceramics, Composites, Glasses, Plastics)

1. ASM Handbook, Vol. 21: Composites, 2001, ASM International, ISBN 0-87170-703-9, 1201 pages.

2. Ceramography: Preparation and Analysis of Ceramic Microstructures, Chinn. Richard E., The American Ceramics Society and ASM International, 2002, ISBN 0-87170-770-5, 214 pages.

3. Engineered Materials Handbook, Vol. 2: Engineering Plastics, 1988, ASM Inter-national, ISBN 0-87170-280-0, 883 pages.

4. Engineered Materials Handbook, Vol. 4: Ceramics and Glasses, 1990, ASM In-ternational, ISBN 0-87170-281-9, 893 pages.

5. Physical Ceramics for Engineers, Van Vlack, Lawrence H., Addison-Wesley Pub-lishing Co., 1964, Library of Congress Catalog Number 64-11884 342 pages.

6. Metallic Glasses, Conference Proceedings, 1978, ASM International, Library of Congress Catalog Number 77-24014, 348 pages.

Other

1. Forging Industry Handbook, Jenson, Jon E. (Ed.), 1966, Forging Industry Asso-ciation, 518 pages.

Plating

1. Trouble in Your Tank? Handbook for Solving Plating Problems, 3rd Edition (in-cludes disk), Durney, Lawrence J., Hanser Gardner Publications, 1996, ISBN 1-56990-200-3, 243 pages.

2. Nickel and Chromium Plating, Dennis, J.K., and T. E. Such, John Wiley & Sons, 1972, ISBN 0-470-20921-6, 325 pages.

Quality Control (Failure Analysis)

1. Corrosion and Corrosion Control: An Introduction to Corrosion Engineering and Science, 2nd Ed., Uhlig, Herbert H., John Wiley & Sons Inc., 1971, ISBN 0-471-89563-6, 419 pages.

2. Corrosion Engineering, 2nd Ed., Fontana, Mars G. and Norbert D. Greene, McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1978, ISBN 0-07-021461-1, 465 pages.

3. Deformation and Fracture Mechanics of Engineering Materials, 4th Ed., Hertz-berg, R. W., John Wiley & Sons, 1995, ISBN: 0-471-01214-9, 816 pages.

4. Ductility, Conference Proceedings, 1968, ASM International, Library of Congress Catalog Number 68-29168, 380 pages.

5. Fracture of Engineering Materials, 1964, ASM International, Library of Congress Catalog Number 64-8900, 248 pages.

6. The Fundamentals of Corrosion, 2nd Ed., Scully, J. C., Pergamon Press, 1975, ISBN 0-08-018081-7, 235 pages.

7. Gas Corrosion of Metals, Bartoszewski, Waldemar (Trans.), U.S. Dept. of Com-merce, National Technical Information Center, Report TT 76-54038, 1975, 528 pages.

8. IITRI Fracture Handbook: Failure Analysis of Metallic Metals by Scanning Elec-tron Microscopy, The Metals Research Division, IIT Research Institute, 1979, ISBN 0-915802-11-2.

9. Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Vol. 1, Esaklul, Khefa A. (Ed.), ASM International, 1992, ISBN 0-87170-078-6, 484 pages.

10. Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Vol. 2, Esaklul, Khefa A. (Ed.), ASM In-ternational, 1993, ISBN 0-87170-495-1, 581 pages.

11. How to Organize and Run a Failure Investigation, Dennies, Daniel P., 2005, ASM Inter-national, ISBN 0-87170-811-6, 223 pages.

12. Hydrogen Embrittlement and Stress Corrosion Cracking, Gibala, R. and R. F. Hehe-mann (Eds.), ASM International, 1984, ISBN 0-87170-185-5, 324 pages.

13. Internal Stresses and Fatigue in Metals, Rassmeiler, Gerald M. and William L. Grubbe (Eds.), 1959, Elsevier Publishing Company, Library of Congress Catalog Number 59-8945, 451 pages.

14. NACE Basic Corrosion Course, National Association of Corrosion Engineers, 1975.

15. The Nalco Guide to Cooling Water Systems Failure Analysis, Herro, Harvey M. and Robert D. Port, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1993, ISBN 0-07-028400-8, 420 pages.

16. The Nalco Guide to Boiler Failure Analysis, Port, Robert D. and Harvey M. Herro, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1991, ISBN 0-07-045873-1, 293 pages.

17. Oxidation of Metals and Alloys, ASM International, 1971, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 72-182305, 273 pages.

18. Solutions to Hydrogen Attack in Steels, Timmins, P. F., 1997, ASM International, ISBN 0-87170-597-4, 198 pages.

19. Understanding How Components Fail, Wulpi, Donald J., 1985, ASM International, ISBN 0-87170-189-8, 262 pages.

20. Why Metals Fail, Barer, R. D., and Peters, B. F., Gordon and Breach Science Publish-ers, 1970, ISBN 0-677-02630-7, 345 pages.

Quality Control (Inspection & Testing)

1. Analysis of Casting Defects, 2nd Ed., American Foundrymen's Society, 1966, 138 pages.

2. Hardness Testing, 2nd Ed., Chandler, Harry E. (Ed.), ASM International, 1999, ISBN 0-87170-640-7, 192 pages.

3. Hardness Testing Handbook, Lysaght, Vincent and Anthony DeBellis, American Chain & Cable Co., 1974, 140 pages.

4. Inspection of Metals: Vol. 1: Visual Examination, Anderson, Robert Clark, ASM International, ISBN 0-87170-159-6, 1983, 149 pages.

5. Metallurgical Testing/Metallographic Atlas: Republic Alloy Steels Handbook, Booklet Adv. 1009, 1961, 56 pages.

6. Practical Non-Destructive Testing, 2nd Ed., Jaykumar, B. Raj (Ed.), ASM Interna-tional, ISBN 0-87170-763-2, 184 pages.

7. Rockwell Hardness Measurement of Metallic Materials, Special Publication 960-5, Low, Samuel R., U. S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2001.

8. Tensile Testing, Davis, J. R. (Ed.), ASM International, 2004, ISBN 0-87170-806-X, 283 pages.

9. The Testing and Inspection of Engineering Materials, 3rd Ed., Davis, Harmer E., George Earl Troxell, and Clement T. Wiskocil, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1964, Li-brary of Congress Catalog Number 63-21885, 475 pages.

Quenching

1. Handbook of Quenchants and Quenching Technology, Totten, G. E., C. E. Bates, and N. A. Clinton, ASM International, 1992, ISBN 0-87170-448-X, 507 pages.

2. Quenchants and Quenching Technology, Totten, G. E., C. E. Bates, and N. A. Clinton, ASM International, 1993, ISBN 0-87170-448-X, 494 pages.

3. Theory of Quenching and Quenching Technology: A Handbook, Liscic, B., H. M Tensi, and W. Luty (Eds.), Springer-Verlag, 1992.

Sintering

1. High Temperature Sintering, Sanderow, Howard I. (Ed.), Metal Powder Industries Fed-eration (MPIF), ISBN 0-918404-97-5, 400 pages.

2. Sintering Theory and Practice, German, Randall M., John Wiley & Sons, 1996 ISBN 0-471057-86-X, 550 pages.

3. Powder Metallurgy of Iron and Steel, German, Randall M., John Wiley & Sons, 1998, ISBN 0-471-15739-2, 496 pages.

Vacuum

1. Introduction to Helium Mass Spectrometer Leak Detection, Varian Assoc. Inc., 1980, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 80-54419, 135 pages.

2. High Vacuum Technology: A Practical Guide, 2nd Edition, Hablanian, Marsbed H., Varian Assoc. Inc.

3. Practical Vacuum Techniques, Brunner Jr., William F. and Thomas H. Batzer, Robert E. Krieger Publishing Co., 1974, ISBN 0-88275-146-8, 198 pages.

4. Vacuum Technology: Practical Heat Treating and Brazing, Fabian, Roger (Ed.), 1993, ASM International, ISBN 0-87170-477-3, 253 pages.